Construction labor productivity interests practitioners and commercial general contractors because it greatly impacts on cost and time overrun. Inefficient management of construction resources can result in low productivity. To achieve the expected income from a construction project, it is important to have good management skills on productivity factors that contribute to the success of the project.
We provide you with top 7 factors that affect the labor productivity losses on a construction project.
- Weather or Season change: Performing work, especially when there is climate or season change can have a negative impact on performance. In fact, workers tend to become restless and irritable psychologically. Also, they may suffer from heat cramps, heat stroke and heat exhaustion. Keeping laborers comfortable considering these weather conditions can help in avoiding the productivity loss.
- Dilution of supervision: Diverting from planned, productive and scheduled work to mismanagement of added crews, expedite delayed material, changes in the contract and original scope of work will certainly affect the labor productivity. The increase in manpower, project size or work areas without right supervision can lead to loss of labor productivity.
- Overtime: Longer work days than a standard eight-hour work day or weeks greater than a 40-hour work week not only lowers work output and efficiency but also makes workers suffer from severe physical fatigue and poor mental attitude.
- Logistics: The delay and disruptions of normal material supply to a work area caused by poor material handling, inefficient procurement practices or lack of controls can cause losses. Therefore, a contractor must have a right project management team in place, who can foresee the problems before it turns into a reality.
- Absenteeism and Turnover: High turnover and absenteeism can involve a great deal of time and money loss on projects. Construction projects with low manpower but high demand for labor can lead to absenteeism. Another reason for the absenteeism is extreme weather conditions. Additionally, replacing workers will also amount loss of productivity due to their unfamiliarity with the work or area. Further, this demands the experienced workers to stop their work and train the new or amateur workers what to do.
- Morale and Attitude: Increasing conflicts between the workers, disputes, overtime, over-inspection, excessive hazards, multiple contract changes, poor site conditions, unkempt workplace and disruption of work rhythm can lower the performance of construction workers. Therefore, encouraging their confidence, discipline, and cheerfulness to perform tasks can lead to increased productivity.
- Hazardous work area: Another important factor that contributes to the loss of productivity in a construction project is hazardous work area. When an area is classified as hazardous and requires special safety requirement and clothing, workers may face time restriction and lack of exposure to the area. This further results in less time on tools in the area.
There are several methods to measure the productivity loss on a construction project. By documenting causes of delays and disruptions, and by understanding the hazards, you can certainly avoid many of the cost overruns that have pushed others out of the business. To know more about the latest updates in the construction industry, keep yourself logged into Retail General Contractors. We would take the utmost pride in providing you with the latest information.